What is an Abortion (Termination of Pregnancy)?

Abortion, which is often used colloquially to mean “termination of pregnancy”, is the medical term for “uterine evacuation”.

Any unwanted pregnancies in the uterus, post-miscarriage residue, stillborn pregnancies are removed by abortion procedure. This procedure is not applied in ectopic pregnancies but it is preferred for unwanted pregnancies.

Abortion is not a procedure performed only at the request of the parents. Pregnancy can also be terminated on doctor’s advice in cases where the mother’s health is endangered due to pregnancy. Let’s explore this topic a little more.

In Which Situations Is Abortion Possible?

First of all, abortion is performed to terminate unwanted pregnancies, but you may also have to have it done without being pregnant. In women with thickening of the uterus, this procedure can be performed to diagnose cancer. Abortion can also be performed in cases of abnormal menstrual bleeding to take a tissue biopsy and stop the bleeding.

If you are in the postmenopausal period and are bleeding, this procedure can be utilized to stop the bleeding. So, how do we know when we are in the postmenopausal period? The period of 6 to 8 years after menopause is called the postmenopausal period.

This procedure can also be used to remove the fetus if it dies in the womb. Even if the fetus has not yet died, the pregnancy can still be terminated if the pregnancy is at risk. An abortion is also used to remove the remaining tissue after a miscarriage.

Is Abortion Necessary After a Miscarriage?

After a miscarriage, the uterus usually expels the tissues of the baby and placenta. However, there are sometimes cases where it cannot. In such cases, this operation may be necessary to clean the inside of the uterus. If you suspect that there is tissue left in your uterus, you should consult your doctor.

There may occasionally be some tissue left inside after a miscarriage if there is prolonged bleeding after the loss of the pregnancy, fever, foul-smelling discharge, abnormal pain, etc. Your physician will use an ultrasound to detect tissue remnants.

When to Have An Abortion?

Once the first four weeks of pregnancy have passed, the pregnancy can be terminated if the gestational sac can be clearly seen by ultrasound. For pregnancies of less than 4 weeks, it may be necessary to wait for an abortion. The ideal period for this is when the embryo is 5-6 weeks old.

You should unquestionably have an ultrasound with a gynecologist if you think you might be pregnant or if pregnancy is discovered in the urine. It is best to wait until about a week has passed before menstruating instead of doing so when you are supposed to.

In other words, you should wait 5 to 6 weeks after the last menstrual period. The healthiest procedure is the one performed when the sac is formed. This way, the risk of ectopic pregnancy is ruled out.

Does Abortion Have A Deadline?

There is no time limit for this procedure for health reasons. However, if you have an unwanted pregnancy, you should have an abortion before the embryo is 10 weeks old. Of course, in cases affecting the health of the mother and in some special circumstances, if the pregnancy needs to be terminated and the child is older than 10 weeks, the operation can still be performed with the approval of the physician.

How Long Does an Abortion Take?

The procedure to perform an abortion lasts about 10 minutes, but depending on the gestational period, this time may vary. The duration of the procedure decreases as the gestational week goes down, and increases as the gestational week goes up. The cervix may need to be relaxed and dilated with the help of special medications as the gestational week advances in order for the aspiration cannula of the vacuum device to pass through the cervix.

Is Abortion Forbidden? Up to Which Week Can Abortion Be Legally Performed?

The answer to this question depends on the country where you will have the procedure.  While this procedure is free in 73 countries in the world, it is prohibited in 68 countries. In the Republic of Turkey, it is legal to have an abortion in the first 10 weeks of pregnancy, but terminating pregnancies of 10 weeks or more on demand is not legal under normal conditions.

How Many Abortions Can I Have? Is There Any Harm in Having Too Many Abortions?

There is no restriction on the number of abortions you can have, but you should be honest with your doctor if you feel you need one. Of course, you should also take the operation’s risks into account.

Having more than one abortion can also bring some inconveniences. However, performing this procedure with a vacuum aspiration device minimizes the risks that may occur. For this reason, choosing the right clinic and the right physician is very important.

Are There Risks of Abortion?

This procedure, like any other, carries risks. Before the procedure, your specialist gynecologist becomes aware of your history of chronic illnesses and allergies. In order to reduce the risk, selecting a good doctor is crucial. You need to be careful with your hygiene after the procedure.

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Therefore, carrying out the procedure in a clean and sterile clinic is very important. It is dangerous to have the procedure done by unknown people in backstreet locations. You should also pay attention to your hygiene of your toilet after the undergoing procedure.

Regularly take the painkillers and antibiotics your doctor has prescribed. You should wait 10 to 15 days before engaging in sexual activity. Avoid skipping doctor visits after an abortion. After the procedure, you can work in desk jobs, though we advise resting if you can.

Pregnancy After Abortion: How Long After Abortion Can Pregnancy Occur?

Abortion is merely the process of removing the uterus. Ovulation occurs in the uterus about 15 days after the bleeding stops, but this period can sometimes be a little longer due to hormonal changes. Menstruation is enough to get pregnant, but it has been observed that women who undergo this operation usually do not get pregnant within 1-2 months after the procedure.

Abortion is not a form of contraception, though. For contraception, you should always consult a specialist. If not, you risk becoming pregnant the very next month. There is no biological barrier to becoming pregnant earlier.

Is it True That If You Have an Abortion, You Can’t Get Pregnant Again? If Abortion is Performed in the First Pregnancy, Can I Never Get Pregnant Again?

Not true. This is misinformation. Women who undergo this procedure can become pregnant again. This has nothing to do with the first pregnancy or subsequent pregnancies. If you choose the right physician and if the procedure is performed with a healthy method suitable for you and in good clinical conditions, there is no obstacle to conceive again.

How Soon After An Abortion Can You Get Pregnant Again? Can Abortion Patients Get Pregnant Again?

You can indeed become pregnant again. Although there is no time limit on when you can become pregnant after an abortion, it has generally been noted that you cannot conceive before 1-2 months have passed since the procedure.

If the procedure is performed properly, the average period is 1-2 months and it is possible to get pregnant earlier or later that that. Therefore, it should be kept in mind that abortion is not a contraceptive method. Always talk to your doctor about which method is right for you.

Does Abortion Damage the Uterus?

Although there is no direct connection between this procedure and uterus damage, there is a chance that the uterus could be harmed if outdated techniques or procedures carried out in questionable backstreet practices are used. As a result, you should make sure a qualified physician performs the procedure.

How Much Are Abortion Prices 2024

Nowadays, the cost of an operation varies from week to week of pregnancy, depending on the technique and duration of the procedure. For pregnancies up to the seventh week, a standard tariff is typically used. Pre-examination, sedation anesthesia, vacuum curettage, and control at the second week following curettage are all included in this fee.

There is no additional cost to the patient. If the gestational week is greater than seven weeks, the package fee rises proportionately as the gestational week rises. State hospitals do not offer optional abortions. When examining abortion costs, the environment in which the procedure is carried out—which should be safe, reliable, and clean—is more significant than the cost. Your health is an investment, so make it wise.

When Can I Have Sexual Intercourse After an Abortion? How Many Days Should I Wait?

After the procedure, there is spotting of blood, just like during the puerperium. Not as much blood is shed as when a woman is menstruating. Each patient’s bleeding experience is unique. While some people experience very little or no bleeding, others may experience it for up to 3–4 weeks. You should definitely see your doctor if your bleeding does not stop after 4-5 weeks following the operation or if it gets worse.

Bleeding is seen in the form of spotting or smearing, but it is still not right to have sexual intercourse while bleeding continues. It is unhygienic and carries a risk of infection.

For whatever reason, there is a 15-day sexual intercourse ban that must be applied after the procedure. The reason for this prohibition is that the cervix becomes open to infection after the procedure.

During this 2-week period, the person must be protected from external factors and pay extra attention to cleanliness because the opening in the cervix makes the body vulnerable not only to infections but also to other problems.

After the operation, it is advised that you wait 15 days before engaging in sexual activity, and then engage in sexual activity with your partner while wearing a condom. This is to prevent these issues.

After termination of pregnancy, pain, tenderness and spotting may occur in the uterus during sexual intercourse. These pains may last for one or two months, but if your pain is severe, you should definitely consult your doctor.

Our advice is to avoid getting pregnant and to wear protection for at least 5–6 months following the procedure. Because the uterus only fully recovers and returns to its original state during this period.

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What About Bleeding After Abortion?

Although it can last a while, postoperative bleeding is typically not much more than menstrual bleeding. Depending on the person, the time may be different. Because the uterus needs more time to heal and restore itself, the length of the pregnancy will lengthen the bleeding period.

Usually, the duration of bleeding varies between 1 and 4 weeks, but if you continue to bleed after this period, you should definitely see your gynecologist. An ultrasound evaluation would be good.

How Soon After an Abortion Will Menstruation Return? When Will You Get Your Period Again After An Abortion?

Bleeding is typically visible for 1 to 4 weeks following the procedure. At most 45 to 60 days after the abortion, menstruation is typically anticipated. Some people’s periods may start earlier.

There may be a delay in menstruation for up to 2 months after the procedure. You do not need to immediately worry about still being pregnant. However, it should be noted that if this period is prolonged, you may become pregnant again. In some people, the first ovulation may occur 15 days after the abortion and if you have unprotected intercourse during this period, you may become pregnant again.

Can the Menstrual Cycle Change After an Abortion?

Yes, it can. After the procedure, the uterine cycle will be disrupted. You will bleed for the first 3-4 weeks at most. You will have your first period in maximum 45-60 days after the bleeding stops, but menstruation may occur earlier. Menstruation can also occur 25 days after the abortion.

The question of the earliest conception after abortion is one of the most intriguing ones that patients ask. You should recheck your pregnancy status if your first period does not arrive 45 to 60 days after the procedure due to the fact that the first ovulation could happen 15 days later and that unprotected sexual activity could result in pregnancy.

Using Abortion Drugs Instead of Abortion Surgery

Pregnancy termination can be accomplished not only through abortion but also through medication, but this is not legal in Turkey. In accordance with Turkish law, pregnancy termination can only be carried out under specific circumstances, but medication abortion is common in some other nations.

Can Menstrual Stimulants Terminate Pregnancy?

Saying unequivocally that menstrual stimulants terminate pregnancy is not always correct. Menstrual stimulants are medicines that should be used after making sure that the person is not pregnant. If necessary, these drugs should be used under the supervision of a doctor after a pregnancy test.

Since menstrual stimulants generally contain progesterone, they may, on the contrary, promote the attachment of the baby to the uterus. Or, in early pregnancy, they may reduce the thickness of the uterine lining and rarely cause miscarriage. Therefore, they should not be used unconsciously without a doctor’s prescription.

Therefore, if we have not detected pregnancy while using the drug, we cannot say that it always terminates pregnancy.

Who Cannot Have a Pregnancy Abortion?

The only time that an unintended pregnancy is legally prohibited for abortion is when the baby is more than 10 weeks old. In a sudden situation, when the baby’s heart rhythms are disturbed, that is, in the event of the baby dying in the womb, which we refer to as a missed abortion, or when the pregnancy is in danger or the mother’s health is in danger, abortion becomes mandatory. This is true even if the baby is older than 10 weeks. If the baby is older than 10 weeks, the pregnancy may also be terminated in such circumstances.

Family consent must be obtained for individuals under the age of 18 who wish to terminate a pregnancy voluntarily, although this is not considered a legal obstacle. For individuals over 18 years of age, family consent is not required.

Likewise, when married individuals wish to terminate a pregnancy, they must obtain the written consent of their spouse.

Should Married Women Obtain Consent from Their Husbands for Abortion?

Yes, they should. As per the legislation, individuals who want to terminate a pregnancy must obtain the consent of their spouses.

Can Unmarried Women Have an Abortion?

Yes, they can. The father’s consent is not required. It is enough that the patient is of legal age.

Can a Virgin Have an Abortion?

Yes, a virgin can have an abortion. This method is used to detect health problems in the uterus and to remove polyps in the uterus. There is a risk of deflowering during this procedure. However, an experienced doctor can perform the abortion procedure without violating virginity with special tools.

What are Abortion Methods?

Abortion methods are divided into two. These are:

  1. 1. Medical methods: This refers to the termination of pregnancy using medication.
  2. Surgical methods:
    1. 1. Vacuum
    2. Probe
    3. Pipelle
    4. Fractionated
    5. Revision

What is Vacuum Abortion? Why Should I Choose Vacuum Abortion?

Currently, vacuum aspiration is the most dependable method of pregnancy termination. Not all clinics have it available. The uterus is safely evacuated while the pregnancy material is vacuumed with the vacuum aspiration device using a unique technique.

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It is possible to perform it under sedation anesthesia. Sedation will only cause you to feel the opened vascular access. The anesthesia medications that will be administered to you through the IV will ensure that you don’t experience any discomfort or pain during the procedure. It is a quick process. The pregnancy is terminated by applying negative pressure from the cervix to the uterus.

This procedure leads to less bleeding than conventional methods and reduces the likelihood of surgical risk. There is less chance of fragments remaining inside. The possibility of infection is almost negligible compared to classical methods. It is the healthiest method.

No stitches are applied during the operation as the access is not through any incision. Therefore, there is no stitch scar.

Women who prefer sedation anesthesia do not feel pain or soreness during the procedure.

What to Do After a Vacuum Abortion?

Your genital area will become sensitive no matter how you choose to end your pregnancy. Therefore, avoid using facilities like baths, bathtubs, and pools where water comes into contact with your genital area for a minimum of 15 days following the procedure.

Pay attention to restroom hygiene. Because the cervix is still open, you may get an infection. For 15 days or so, you should take a break from sports. Likewise, you should not have sexual intercourse for a while. You should avoid alcohol and smoking for a while. You should use the medicines prescribed by your doctor regularly.

How Long After Abortion Can I Drink Alcohol?

Antibiotics will be prescribed to the patient after the pregnancy has ended. Alcohol consumption is discouraged while taking antibiotics. So it’s advised that you refrain from drinking alcohol while taking your antibiotics after the procedure.

Can an Abortion Procedure be Recognized?

The vacuum method of abortion is not detectable. There are no stitch marks. It can remain confidential. Patient confidentiality is very important.

Is Antibiotics Necessary After Abortion? Which Drugs Should Be Used After Abortion?

Following the procedure, you should take all of your doctor’s prescribed medications on a regular basis. You must take antibiotics if it is recommended that you do so. To avoid infection, this is essential. Following a miscarriage, painkillers are typically advised in addition to antibiotics.

What is Probe Abortion?

The probe method is applied in the treatment of abnormal bleeding in the uterus. Bleeding is controlled by scraping or vacuum method. It is a diagnostic method. The material taken with this method is sent to pathology. The aim is to diagnose the material.

How To Perform A Pregnancy Abortion?

First and foremost, a doctor’s examination is required. If the required paperwork is completed and the pregnancy has been confirmed, it may be terminated. Which pregnancy stages can therefore be ended?

  1. Preliminary Examination: The gestational week is determined at this stage. If the baby is older than 10 weeks, special conditions are sought for termination and the necessary consents are obtained.
  2. Choosing the method of pregnancy termination: At this point, your doctor will select one of the previously mentioned methods of pregnancy termination. According to the mother and child’s health, a method is chosen. Vacuum abortion is the healthiest procedure.
  3. Preparation for the operation: The patient is now ready for the operation. A blood vessel is opened. Before the procedure, the patient shouldn’t eat anything for at least five hours. The patient ought to be famished and thirsty.
  4. Performing the Operation with Abortion under sedation
  5. Aftercare: Pregnancy termination is not only important until the moment of the operation. You should take care of your care after the operation.
  6. You must come for a follow-up visit after 2 weeks.

Can an Abortion Be Performed Without Harming Virginity?

The operation can be carried out without jeopardizing virginity. Your doctor can perform this procedure for you using thinner cannulas if you prefer to keep it whole. A dependable clinical setting and your specialist doctor’s technique are crucial.

Can Hymenoplasty Operation be Performed During an Abortion?

Yes, there is no harm in doing it. Hymen repair and vaginal tightening can also be performed in the same session.

Is It Necessary to Stay in the Clinic After an Abortion?

No, you do not need to stay in the clinic. After the procedure, you can be discharged as soon as the anesthesia wears off.

Is it Possible for an Abortion to Fail to Remove the Baby?

No, in a reliable clinic, there is no possibility that the baby cannot be removed as a result of the operation. There is no problem as long as the procedure is performed by vacuum method under ultrasound and ultrasound control. It is necessary to rule out ectopic pregnancy at an early stage and take the necessary precautions.

Who Can Get a Blood Incompatibility Injection After an Abortion?

If the male partner’s blood type is RH+ and the pregnant woman’s blood type is RH-, a blood matching injection is administered.

In this article, we talked about abortion and the intricacies of abortion to provide a general idea. We talked about the importance of vacuum abortion. Thank you for reading.